1. Who will participate and how?
- How to submit the sub-project proposals under Component-1 ?
- Will ICAR institutes be supported for commercialization of technologies through the Business Development Plan (BDP) of NAIP?
- What is the role of private sector in NAIP?
- What are the modalities of operation of sub-projects under Component–1? Can ICAR Instituteparticipate in Component –1? Will all SAUs participate?
- Can we have foreign collaboration?
- Can the CGIAR institute become the PI?
- If a private sector has the experience of promoting contract farming, can it join as a partner in NAIP?
- If a Commodity Foundation like Kotak Foundation in Cotton, has capacity to provide crop market intelligence, can it join a consortium as a partner?
3. Process of selection
4. Operation of consortia
6. Developing a project
8. Monitoring & Evaluation
What would be tax liability of the Consortium Partner ? Will TDS be deducted when each advance is being given. How is the refund adjusted especially in the last year ?
Will the clause of service tax applicable for their services to the CIRCOT?
Whether the purchases made by them will exempted from excise, sales tax , Octroi etc If not , whether it will be paid from the Non-plan budget? Kindly suggest the same. A copy of the Govt. notification may be provided.
Since the Consortium Partner do not have basic pay structure like the govt. employees, what will be their TA & DA rates for official journeys performed, if any under NAIP?
If the present rates for TA&DA of they are applied, how will they get the approval for the same
If the TA&DA rates (including hotel rates) as per ICAR norms are applicable, will they be entitled for tatkal train fare, agent booking charges etc?
Is journey by air permissible for them. If not, will the air fare restricted to tatkal rail ticket?
How local journey during tour will be regulated. What will be the rate for taxi charges? In rural areas return taxi fare is charged and in Ghat areas the fare is higher. What is the policy in this regard?
Do they have to follow ICAR scales for salaries. In many case the personnel do not possess the requisite qualification but have the requisite skill and experience. In many instances such as merchandiser, master dyer, factory in-charges, ICAR may not have the scales.
If ICAR scales have to be followed, is there any provision for enhancement of the scales and budgetary requirements.
The project site will be at Sawantwadi in Maharashtra. However to maintain the world bank standards of accounting practice a small administrative unit has to be set up in Mumbai. Will the project bear the rental and operating cost of this unit and what will be the rental norms?
NDR main activity is producing naturally dyed yarn. In order to strengthen the artisan sector it wants to make this technology available to them. For this it has to rent out a training shed and make available facilities that otherwise would be used in profitable production. Will the project bear the rental and operating cost of this unit, again what will be the rental norms?
13. NAIP Financial Management
Whether the accounting manual/financial manual stating the operational procedures and reporting is ready.
How track will be kept on the expenditure of Consortium Partner by the Consortium Leader.
How the ineligible expenditure disallowed by the audit in case of Consortium Partner will be adjusted, whether we have to put a separate provision under Non-Plan (Other charges) of the Institute?
Who will participate and how?
Q1. How to submit the sub-project proposals under Component –1? (top)
ANS:Component –1 is a fully sponsored Component and will run in project mode. Expert groups from each Component will recommend the details including partnership in each project. The O&MPC will take the final decision. However, emphasis will be on SAUs.
Q2. Will ICAR institutes be supported for commercialization of technologies through the Business Development Plan (BDP) of NAIP? (top)
ANS:BDP as a pilot runs in selected SAUs and DUs of ICAR who have some strength already with this skill. The nearby SAU/ ICAR institutes will be trained and guided by these selected units.
Q3. What is the role of private sector in NAIP? (top)
ANS:Private organization can contribute in many ways: research, knowledge management and dissemination, marketing and so on depending on the need of the consortium & the nature, strength and interest of the Private Organization.
Q4. What are the modalities of operation of sub-projects under Component –1? Can ICAR Institute participate in Component –1? Will all SAUs participate? (top)
ANS:Sub-projects have been identified by a high powered working group. Under each sub-project, a leader has been identified. A project framework will be developed and the participation of the institutions (ICAR or SAU) will be decided on their appropriateness and for the project. If the outcome of the project is successful, then the achievements is planned to be replicated in the whole NARS. All SAUs and ICAR institutes will not participate in the in the Component 1 except in case of the library component where all SAUs will participate.
Q5. Can we have foreign collaboration? (top)
ANS:If it is essential for the success of a project, collaboration with any foreign agency may be possible provided the collaboration does not violate-GoI rules and regulations and the existing project money is spent in India under the Government of India rules.
Q6. Can the CGIAR institute become the PI? (top)
ANS:The CGIAR Institute located in India can become CL and the PI will be from the CL However, the CGIAR institute has to spend funds in India.
Q7.If a private sector has the experience of promoting contract farming, can it join as a partner in NAIP? (top)
ANS:NAIP recognizes contract farming as an institutional mechanism. Anybody who has experience which can contribute to a given sub-project, can join as a partner.
Q8. If a Commodity Foundation like Kotak Foundation in Cotton, has capacity to provide crop market intelligence, can it join a consortium as a partner? (top)
ANS:Yes, Can participate as partner to provide market intelligence services.2. Concept
Q9. How will you relate Value Chain (VC) with Production to Consumption System (PCS)? Are these terms interchangeable? (top)
ANS:They are interchangeable for the purpose of this project.
Q10. Is supply of suitable raw material is a part of value chain? (top)
ANS:Yes. The supply of a suitable raw material in quality, quantity and in time and at competitive cost is essential for the success value chain.
Q11. Can we import agricultural products as inputs into a value chain? (top)
ANS:It can be done if it is not against the Govt. policies and the import is essential for value chain to make it sustainable and ultimately profitable to the farmer and other partners.
Q12. Is prioritization of commodities required for value chain? (top)
ANS:Yes. The economic significance of the commodities in contributing to the project objectives / expected output has to be assessed through prioritization.
Q13. Is there any incentive to motivate farmers to join the project? (top)
ANS:The very purpose of the NAIP is to benefit the farmers and the ultimate aim is to increase their income, through partnership building. However, support to the need based and agreed activities will be extended as per the norms.
Q14. Is there any focus on marketing strategies? (top)
ANS:The purpose of NAIP is to secure farmer’s income and that is possible if they are effectively linked with the market. Marketing is one of the essential components of PCS and livelihood security system.
Q15. How to undertake sub-projects under NAIP in view of shortage of skilled manpower? (top)
ANS:No regular manpower will be provided. Project work can be done through able contractual support on coterminous basis and mutual Complementarity of skills among consortium partners.
Q16. How IPR issues are addressed in the NAIP? (top)
ANS:IPR will be vested in the ICAR. However, sharing of benefits has been proposed as per the details available in the PIP.
Q17. Is NAIP a bottom-up approach? Is it a participatory approach? (top)
ANS:It is a bottom-up approach with participation of all the stakeholders.
Q18. Is there a difference between consortium leader and PI of the Consortium? (top)
ANS:The lead institution is the Consortium Leader (CL). Consortium Principal Investigator (CPI) lead to the CL and will be the technical leader of the Consortium.
Q19. Is it possible to include hybrids of crops under NAIP? (top)
ANS:Hybrids of a crop can be a component of a Livelihood Security System or a PCS.
Q20. What is the relevance of bench marking survey in component 4? (top)
ANS:Bench marks are necessary to assess the progress made in every component. The benchmarks for sub-projects in component 4 are very specific viz: new methodologies/technologies/process developed, new knowledge/skill acquired by the scientists, patents applied/granted, publications in high impact journals, national/international research linkages developed etc.
Q21. Will there be opportunities for mid-course correction in the project? (top)
ANS:There are ample opportunities for mid-course correction in the project through reviews by the ICAR, in annual workshops, mid-term workshop and by likely project reviews. Even the NAIP as a whole has provision to make mid-course corrections.
Q22. How is component IV of NAIP different from the National Fund for Basic and Strategic Research (NFBSRA)? (top)
ANS:NAIP and NFBSRA are two different programmes. PIU NAIP is the Secretariat for processing the proposals received under National Fund for Basic and Strategic Research (NFBSRA) to coordinate component 4 of NAIP (BSR) and NFBSRA to avoid duplication.
Q23. It is necessary to include several districts from a number of states under a specific Zone for Component 3? (top)
ANS:Contiguous districts with similar agro-ecological and livelihood systems are to be selected. These may be from the same.
Q24. Whether any model is available for consortium mode of research for the value chain and livelihood security systems for reference? (top)
ANS:Model is not available for reference as possibly NAIP is the first attempt in agricultural research in the world.
Q25. What is the exact difference between Project and Consortium mode? (top)
ANS:Project is a mode of planning and executing a specified job and a consortium is a mode of bringing people together who have been assigned or who want to take up the specified job. A Consortium can work in a project mode or any other mode they choose. However, in the NAIP a consortium will work in the project mode.
Q26. How to improve the production and profitability of livestock under NAIP? (top)
ANS:Livestock can be a part of a project under NAIP and the major aim of the NAIP is to increase production and profitability.
Q27. Whether the Component 3 is limited to 150 districts or any other adversely affected areas of Andaman? (top)
ANS: Limited to 150 districts identified by the Planning Commission
Q28. Whether component 2 is commodity specific? (top)
ANS:Largely so but as given in the example it can be resource specific also.
Q29. Which district is covered under the sponsored and which under competitive project under Component 3? (top)
ANS:There is no such demarcation. However the districts, which are covered by a consortium under the competitive mode, may not be considered for sponsored mode and vice versa.
Q30. Whether outside ICAR agencies can participate directly? (top)
ANS:No, they have also to come as a part of a consortium.
Q31. In a value chain there are many actors. How to have compatible consortia? Is there any model developed on those lines anywhere in the world? (top)
ANS: There is no such model as far as agricultural research is concerned, to the best of our knowledge. Forming consortia will be an innovation in itself and the best way to do that will be through wide stakeholder discussions: However, Help Desk being set up at the NAARM will provide some assistance through information and facilitating match making efforts.
Q32. How are we going to bring small farmers as partners in the consortia? (top)
ANS: The main emphasis in NAIP is on small farmers. The small farmers individually cannot be formal partners of consortia but consortia will work with them in a participatory mode. However, well-organized interest groups of farmers of small farmers can be partners in consortia.
Q33. In the project there is emphasis on research. Six years seems to be a short time to generate knowledge and to deliver and disseminate the results? (top)
ANS:In the components 2 and 3 of the NAIP emphasis is on action research where adaptive and participatory research for fine-tuning of known research results/technologies are important and hence six years will be sufficient.
Q34. In this project how to match the conflicting needs of different actors like farmers, private companies and research institutions? (top)
ANS: If a system is viable the interests of different players in the system cannot be conflicting though appearing to be so apparently. Their apparent conflicts have to be resolved through dialogue.
Q35. Has our Agricultural Research System not been directed so far towards poverty alleviation etc.? How NAIP is different in this aspect? (top)
ANS:The NARS has been working for the farmer and poverty alleviation and therefore agriculture has done well so far. But the efforts have been compartmentalized with less conscious focus of the researchers towards the target group and less participatory in nature. The players in the system have been not formally connected with synergy. What NAIP attempts to do is to give a conscious and concentrated focus on poverty alleviation and by approaching problems in their entirety rather than the components through the partnership of stakeholders.
Q36. How the disadvantaged districts were identified? The list does not appear to include many known ones. (top)
ANS:The Planning Commission has identified the districts on the basis of an objective index reflecting the relative backwardness of the districts. Obviously such a list can not be totally exhaustive.
Q37. In NAIP, the research is on- station research or on-farm research? (top)
ANS: For components 2 and 3 emphasis is on on-farm research though need based on-station research can definitely be taken up. In component 4 the research is entirely laboratory based.
Q38. How does a consortium to regulate the market? (top)
ANS: The aim is not to regulate the market. But understanding the market and planning to take the best advantages of the market should be the aim.
Q39. Can islands like Lakshadweep be included at this stage? (top)
ANS:No. But the ready models built under the NAIP around the 150 districts can be efficiently used in other disadvantaged places.
Q40. Can existing innovations, be integrated into value chains? (top)
ANS: Definitely, yes if it helps in achieving the goal. It is highly desirable.
Q41. Is there possibility of more consortia under each component? (top)
ANS:Not possible. However, minor variations may be possible later if the competent committees feel the necessity.
3. Process of selection
Q42. How priorities are fixed for selection of 15 consortia under PCS? (top)
ANS:There is no prefixed priority. The proponents of a project proposal has to justify the importance of the PCS in the in the local and Indian economy and the opportunities it throw up and the peer reviewers and finally the RPC has to accept to the justification.
Q43. How many pages are prescribed for writing the concept note? (top)
Q44. How much time it would take in approval of a project proposal? (top)
ANS:The project approval process from date of concept note invitation to final approval of proposal may take approximately 24-32 weeks.
Q45. Technical report should be submitted after filing the patent rights to safeguard intellectual property rights or else ICAR may not be able to benefit out of it? (top)
ANS:There are mechanisms available under the patenting rules to apply for preliminary protection after which matters may be published. Further, any report which is likely to vitiate claims to IPR rights can be kept confidential by the competent authority. However, the RPC will take appropriate decisions in this matter.
Q46. May Farmers Forum (located in NE region) start a consortium with the help of college of Vet. Science, Khanapara, Guwahati (AAU) in five identified districts of Assam (top)
Q47. What are the stages of improvement of concept note. (top)
ANS:The partners and stakeholders are the best to help in improving concept notes. However, after submission the peer reviewers can suggest improvement in concept notes, which are not outright rejected.
Q48. Can a concept note submitted in the first round be resubmitted in the second round? (top)
ANS:As it is a matter of competition if a concept note is out in the first round through competition and not due to out right rejection by the peers because of quality then there is no bar in resubmission.
Q49. Whether PI should have 6 years of clear service? (top)
Q50. If a PI is transferred or promoted? (top)
ANS:Transfers will not be permitted. But if the transfer is because of career advancement with the PI’s willingness, the CL will submit a proposal for an alternative PI to the CAC and the RPC will approve if recommended by the CAC.
Q51. Whether a scientist can submit a project proposal? (top)
ANS:No. Only an institution/organization can submit a proposal as a part of the consortium except in Component 4 where in exceptional cases a single institution/organization can also be considered.
Q52. Is there any plan of opening a new Website to help? (top)
ANS: Both the NAIP website and the Help desk site will provide help.
Q53. Can a consortium hire a consultant for monitoring? (top)
Q54. There is in-sufficient time to build enough synergy between partners? (top)
ANS:Calls for proposals will be made in two phases. If one misses the first phase second phase is open. However, the time to start forming consortia and project concepts is right now without waiting for formal calls.
Q55. Is there any predetermined state-wise distribution of the number consortia ? (top)
Q56. Is there any possibility of changing the partners after concept note and before final proposal? (top)
ANS: Minor and justified changes will be possible so far as the basic character of the consortium is not vitiated.
4. Operation of consortia
Q57. How will risks and uncertainties like droughts/floods etc. will be handled in value chain? (top)
ANS: Each sub-project should have appropriate risk assessment and risk mitigation can not be total and a calculated risk is to be taken into account.
Q58. Does value chain emphasizes on domestic market? (top)
ANS: In Component 2, both domestic and export markets have to be important. But in backward areas where Component 3 will work, the aim has to be more on exploiting the domestic market because the volume dealt may have the disadvantage of low scale. However, if export market can be exploited it will be definitely welcome.
Q59. Whether any member can withdraw from consortia? (top)
ANS: If the member has finished his part of work or could not perform his work due to some genuine and justified technical reasons he can withdraw following the procedure laid down in the Legal Framework.
Q60. How NAIP helps in combining the strengths of different proposals on a given crop/commodity / species / theme? (top)
ANS: At the project screening stage if there are more proposals are found to be complementary and like to make the system may logical and comprehensive the RPC will advise accordingly. However, during the operation also such complementariness will be built operation in the M&E process.
Q61. What control will the PI of lead centre has in case the funds are directly released to all Co-PIs? (top)
ANS: The funds will be directly released by PIU to the implementation unit with intimation only after the ‘specific recommendation’ of the PI and the NC keeping in view the progress made, by the implementer.
Q62. Will the project provide salary to staff involved in the sub-projects? (top)
ANS: No salary component is provided. Only project bound contractual personnel will be allowed.
Q63. Does the project provide loans to farmers? (top)
ANS: Farmers will themselves be the partners in a consortium or in the operation of consortium. No loans will be provided. The participation of the Banks in the consortium as partners is possible. Further, the consortium may plan finance of SHGs by banks.
Q64. How to ensure accountability of money by the private sector? (top)
ANS: While approving the proposals the background and reliability of each partner will be assessed. It is also important that mutual trust is established. Further, legal contract and strict monitoring will ensure accountability.
Q65. Whether support for civil works is provided under the project? (top)
ANS: A maximum of 5% of the total budget will only be provided for the civil work if it is very much essential for the project work.
Q66. Is there any incentive to the scientists working in the project? (top)
ANS:Getting a project through tough competition itself is an incentive for the scientist. The learning opportunities, the results and scientific and social contributions will be further rewarding. In addition, the financial benefits occurring from IPR will be shared with the partners.
Q67. Whether the money spent for preparing the project will be reimbursed? (top)
ANS: If the project is finally awarded, up to 5 lakhs will be reimbursed as per ICAR norms for preparing the project proposal.
Q68. Whether institutional charges can be used towards civil works? (top)
Q69. Whether separate account should be opened for NAIP sub-project? (top)
ANS:Yes, a separate bank account should be opened preferably where electronic mailing facility (RTGS) is available.
Q70. Can ICAR consider providing funds for developing the concept notes? (top)
Q71. Is there the provision of honorarium to staff under NAIP? (top)
Q72. How the interest accrued and revenue generated of sale proceeds etc. is to be handled? (top)
ANS: Interest accrued from idle funds of NAIP have to be returned to PIU, NAIP.
Q73. How the requirement for vehicle will be met under NAIP?
ANS: Hiring of Vehicles is to be provided for at the time of budget preparation under the head ‘Operational Expenses’. The vehicles may be hired as per norms.
Q74. Whether hiring of vehicles to be booked under TA or operational expenditure? (top)
ANS: Expenditure on ‘hiring of vehicles’ will form a part of ‘operational expenditure’.
Q75. If GFR norms differ from World Bank norms, what should be done? (top)
ANS: For NAIP, only the World Bank norms as applicable to NAIP will prevail.
Q76. Will software made available for FM in NAIP? (top)
ANS: A FM software will be available for online financial management.
Q77. Since World Bank guidelines differ from GFR, all the Finance Officers need to be apprised of the same. (top)
ANS: PIU has already organized IT Sensitization Programme for Finance officers and one session on Financial Management / Procurement Arrangement was held apprising all the officers from different organizations for following the World Bank norms for NAIP. A copy of Financial Management Manual and Procurement Manual will be made available to all consortia partners of NAIP soon. Further sensitization of the consortium partners will be done after project is approved.
Q78. In case the Audit Certificate duly certified by Chartered Accountant / Local Fund Auditors is submitted and if during the routine audit by SAG, there is a difference of opinion, which opinion will prevail? (top)
ANS: The final audit opinion of the Statutory Auditors will be final. To minimize such cases, there will be sensitization workshops for all the audit parties involved in the project.
Q79. If purchase procedure to be invariably that approved by World Bank? (top)
Q80. Will the project implementation guidelines be flexible and the consortia leader have flexibility in spending? (top)
ANS: There will be enough flexibility within the guidelines set for finance.
Q81. Whether there is provision for infrastructure development under NAIP? Can a partner of a consortium invest in infrastructure from its own resources? (top)
ANS: NAIP will not normally support infrastructure development but if in a project which is likely to have a high impact and a minor infrastructure is absolutely essential it may be supported. Yes but that should be without any encumbrances to the NAIP or to the ICAR and the non-success in acquiring that infrastructure should not come in the way of success of the project.
6. Developing a project
Q82. How many partners should be there in each consortium? (top)
ANS: It will depend on the type of consortium to be formed. However, the consortium should take an holistic approach to solve a given problem in its domain. If there are too many partners, there may be problems of management and if less (than optimally required) number of partners are taken, the given problems may not be addressed fully. As a thumb rule, there may be 5-6 (on an average) partners in a consortia.
Q83. Can an NGO participate in Component – II? (top)
ANS: Yes, depending on the problems to be solved. For example NGOs may be helpful in organizing the farmers into self-help groups and for capacity building.
Q84. Will only the listed districts be taken up in Component-III? (top)
Q85. Will the PCS be limited only to the list given in PIP? (top)
ANS: No. The list is only for illustration purposes.
Q86. Whether contractual staff will be provided to support finance and administration? (top)
ANS: Need based staff can be hired for these functions standard qualification will be defined and intimated.
Q87. Can consultants be hired for sub-projects of NAIP? (top)
ANS: Consultants are being hired for specific approved jobs at NAIP (e.g. Help Desk, PMC, FMS etc.). Need based justified and approved consultancies can be hired in the sub-project.
Q88. Whether the technology can be purchased from abroad? (top)
ANS: Yes, if it is to be purchased from abroad, evidence should be produced that it is not locally available, to be fully justified for the such and as per prescribed rules and procedures of GoI and NAIP.
Q89. Whether DGS&D rate contract can be a substitute for NCB? (top)
ANS: No, the DGS&D rate contract can only be a substitute for Shopping.
Q90. Is procurement of costly stores centralized? (top)
ANS: The procurement of goods and services under NAIP is decentralized. The concerned partner can do procurement using prescribed guidelines.
Q91. Is there any difference in the purchase procedure set by GFR (adopted by ICAR) and followed under NAIP? If so, what are the differences? (top)
ANS: Yes. There are difference in respect of ceiling, procedures, system of bidding, negotiation, preferences in ICB etc. For details see PIP.
Q92. If an item costs more than the estimate given in the proposal what has to be done? (top)
ANS: Can approach the PIU- NAIP for special permission with proper justification.
Q93. Who is the owner of the assets created with the NAIP funds by any partner of the consortium? (top)
ANS: The ICAR, However, the ICAR may allow transfer to the partner free or for the residual value.
8. Monitoring &Evaluation
Q94. Whether non-achievement of results due to natural calamity be favourably considered at the monitoring and evaluation stage? (top)
Q95. How non-performers will be dealt with in the project? (top)
ANS: Each consortium should ensure that the question of non performers does not arise in the first instance If at all, the non-performers will be initially advised and helped to arise in the first place improvement. If all attempts fail they will be asked to discontinue as per the details provided in PIP as the last resort because one non performer may spell doom for the whole consortium.
Q96. Please differentiate between output & outcome with suitable examples? (top)
ANS: In any project the results is a general concept and at the core of results is the concept of the results chain, i.e. the intended casual relationships among various elements from input to output to outcome to impact. Within this chain, the main conceptual distinction lies between the supply side which transforms inputs into outputs, entirely within the control of the implementing agency and the demand side which is outside the control of the implementing agency and where a response to the delivered outputs, in the form of a behavioral change in the client of the project is expected in terms of outcome and then impact. The following table gives a brief comparative understanding of the different result and project related terms.
Relevance to causal chain
Illustration / example
Financial, human, and other resources mobilized to support activates undertaken by a project.
Inputs are converted into activities by implementing agency.
Financing, staffing, infrastructure, equipment and so on
Action taken or work performed by which inputs are converted into specific outputs.
Activities are designed to deliver outputs.
Capacity building activities; training activities; construction activities, research activities and so on
Project deliverables (on the supply –side) that are expected to add value for potential users and are designed to stimulate development outcomes (on the demand-side) based on the causal chain.
Outputs are designed to stimulate outcomes.
Capacity of implementing agency strengthened; efficiency of researchers improved, research results obtained, farm technology demonstrated, number of SHGs formed, information about market given to farmers.
Expected or actual demand-side behavioural responses by the end users and other stakeholders outside the control of the implementing agency that demonstrate uptake, adoption and use of project outputs- thus validating the casual chain
Outcomes are measured before the end of project implementation in participating areas
Farmers adopt intensive cropping patterns in participating areas; farmers achieve improved learning outcomes; farmer’s produces marketable products, improved effectiveness of service delivery with respect to user satisfaction
Positive and negative, primary and secondary long-term effects produced by a development intervention, directly or indirectly, intended or unintended.
Impacts are expected to begin after the end of implementation as an extension of the project’s causal chain
Well being improved, private sector productivity increased, farmers’ incomes increased; health indicators exhibit upward trend.